There is growing awareness and concern regarding the world’s fossil fuel energy reserves, the access to these fuel sources and the environmental effects associated with these fuels. As a result, significant investments and developments are being made around the world to increase efficiencies, reduce emissions and expand the use of alternative energy sources and types. While the use of solar or wind as energy sources is growing, these sources are expensive and can only meet a small fraction of world’s growing thirst for energy. Today’s global economies and communities are highly dependent upon fossil fuel sources and will remain so for the foreseeable future but with an ever-increasing need for a more diversified portfolio of energy choices.
Hybrid Fuels is the first area that Turbulent has applied our technology. When applied to the hybrid fuels market, the Turbulent technology mixes previously immiscible liquids like diesel fuel and water into stable emulsions which dramatically improve the combustion process. The device may be used either directly in-line to mix and deliver the hybrid fuel on demand or may also be used to pre-mix the hybrid fuel to be stored in tanks for later use. When used as a direct input to a combustion device, such as in a boiler or furnace, in addition to emulsifying the hybrid fuel, the technology also creates a massive amount of turbulence in the output, which creates vortices that result in superior performance and reduced pollutants. Implementation of our devices require little or no modification to existing equipment, meaning it is ideal as a retrofit to existing equipment and may be easily added to new equipment purchases. Turbulent’s technology facilitates and expands the use of bio-fuels and other fuel mixtures while improving combustion, lowering system and operating costs and reducing emissions.
Remediation of Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) from natural gas production
Most natural gas harvested around the world has some concentration levels of H2S (a.k.a. sour gas). The H2S (as well as other pollutants) must be removed in order to commercialize the gas (or even move it in “public” pipelines). There are predominately two methods to remove H2S from natural gas today with the choice of method used depending on the concentration levels of the H2S present and the cap ex to size the project properly. About 40% (est.) of all natural gas production uses an amine (Triazine) injected into the gas stream (mostly through an atomization process) that binds with the H2S, which is then separated out some distance downstream of the injectors. This atomization process is where Turbulent believes it has a disruptive solution as its mixing is multiples more effective than current technology. This will solve a number of problems that the current system cannot avoid, such as the space, time and distance it takes to remediate the gas and most significantly, the absolute volume of the amine required to fully absorb all the H2S. the best current methods available on the market require at least double to triple the stoichiometric volume of amine injection to ensure the elimination of H2S. There are over 300,000 wells in the USA and a multiple of that worldwide. The amount of amine used in a single well can easily be 6 figures of cash annually.
Mix gasoline with CH4
Methane is the most abundant and cheap hydrocarbon in the U.S. and around the world for the most part. Turbulent can take a stream of natural gas and mix it into gasoline to replace ethanol as the primary driver of octane level. It would take approximately 3-4 cents of natural gas (10% by weight) per gallon of gasoline to raise the octane level from 83 to premium grade fuel. The Turbulent technology could uniquely enable the mixing of natural gas into gasoline where the resulting “energized gas” would remain stable with the natural gas staying dissolved in the gasoline for prolonged period of time (could be very long times). This would be the least expensive way to raise octane levels today with product that can run in any existing gasoline automobile in the field today. Because of the price and chemical differentials between ethanol and natural gas, this would significantly improve the profitability of premium grade fuel to the distributor with the potential additional benefit of reducing emissions.
Separation of oil and water and Water Treatment
TOG’s core IP indicates that we can mix gases and gases, gases and liquids and liquids and liquids with extremely small particle sizes thus enabling a range of new applications. This same technology can also be used to make extremely small bubbles. Small bubbles have some very interesting applications including facilitating the separation of many types of particles and materials from water. A large portion of oil production relies on harvesting “production water” from wells that has some percentage of hydrocarbons mixed in the water. The oil and water must be separated to maximize the collection of oil. Once generated by the Turbulent technology, the bubbles rise to the surface when introduced from below, breaking up the mixture and carrying the oil particles to the surface for very efficient skimming. In water treatment this is a superior separation method to current aeration techniques.